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The changing dynamics of employment among youth

“The changing dynamics of employment among youth”

Finding a job that gives you both satisfaction and good remuneration is never easy. Top that with the serious lack of job opportunities that match one’s calibre in many areas. These disparities in employment opportunities have led to significant shift in the employment pattern lately as more and more young minds are opting for self created employment opportunities. Surely, the onus of the whole process falls on the individual but self employment definitely has its perks.

Career options ranging from teaching to setting up  your own  business Enterprise fall in this category. One can go for non conventional pursuits like freelancing , writing or online startups. You can search for various jobs. Not only these professions break away from the monotony of a 10 to 6 job but are also helping change the social and economic dynamics.

Freelance journalism

With the growing influence of mass media, journalism is definitely a profession to vye for. A lot of good institutes impart training in this field and their is no dearth of employment here as this field is burgeoning. Granted, the working hours can be a bit hectic but offers a lot of excitement for vigorous minds.

Business/ Start-up

The conventional way of doing business can get a lot of impetus if electronic media becomes the foundation for the same. A lot of start ups are also coming up with the same objective. In a lot of countries, government is aiding these startups to stimulate the process as these online business ventures have already created a strong rapport with customers and are already touted as the next big thing in the economic sphere.


This age-old profession of teaching never runs out of trend but is now grappling with new challenges due to availability of educational content on internet. One can go for teaching in government or private institutes with average to good and very good salaries. Teaching comes with it’s rewards of more holidays than in any other profession. One also has the option of starting a private coaching.


Get down with a pen and paper (or laptop) if your head never stops buzzing new ideas and stories. This is an ardous profession but nonetheless a very rewarding if you are good at it and know how to make the most of social media.


If you have an interest in fashion and an eye for what works for fashion connoisseur and what doesn’t, this is the profession for you. All you need is training in this regard and a whole new set of ideas to stand out. Many varsities conduct degree and diploma course in fashion. One can also sell their designs online or develop a full fledged online site.

Event management/interior design

This is a million dollar industry considering the huge amount of money spent on weddings and beautification of households. Lots of universities conduct courses on interior designing and event management. The field provides a lot of scope and is one of the booming sectors of the economy.

Kashmiri Phiran

phiranThe traditional outfit for both males and females in Kashmir is the Phiran and poots. The phiran and poots consist of two gowns, one over the other. The traditional phiran and poots extends to the feet, which was popular up to the late 19th century C.E. However, a relatively modern variation of the phiran and poots extends to below the knees, which is worn with a suthan (loose form of shalwar) similar to the styles worn in Afghanistan. It is optional to wear the suthan with a long phiran as traditionally lower garments are not worn with phirans. The traditional phiran and poots do not have side slits.

In summer, the phiran and poots are made of cotton, for winter, the poots are made out of cotton and the phiran of wool, covering and protecting the body from the cold.

There is no consensus as to the origin of the word ‘phiran’. However, it seems that the word is a corruption of the Persian word ‘perahan’ which means shirt. The outfit has been envogue in Kashmir since before the 15th century.

Head dress

Hindu females use a “taranga”, a headdress which becomes smaller down at back, towards the heels. Islamic Kashmiri females use a red headwear known as the “kasaba”. The kasaba is padded by means of a turban and is pinned together by brooches. A pin-scarf revoked from the kasaba descends towards the neck.


The phiran is a loose upper garment loosely gathered at the sleeves which tend to be wide, made of either wool or jamewar which is a mixture of wool and cotton, with no side slits. A phiran made of wool is called a ‘loch’. Female phiran dresses are designed with colorful flower elements and styles. Male phiran dresses are quite simple without any colourful designs.

The traditional phiran falls to the feet like a gown which was universally worn by the Hindu and Muslim communities into the later 19th century C.E. However, a modern version is knee-length and is worn by Muslim people which is loose and stitched at the front side and on the finishes while Hindu people wear their phirans long, extending down their legs. Ankle length Phirans are tied at the waist. Intricate embroideries or flower styles are a popular function of a Kashmiri ladies phiran.

Modern fashion

Modern trends saw a decline in the use of phirans in favour of the shalwar kameez. However, there has been a revival in recent years as phirans have become part of modern fashion, and are worn by females of other areas of India as well. Kashmiri men are also wearing the phiran as a fashionable outfit. Combined with jeans, the phiran has made its way into the office world.The modern phiran is not as wide and long as the traditional ankle or knee length versions and sometimes have side slits. Less men are wearing the phiran with a shalwar.

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